Cancer

Is Screening Colonoscopy Worth It?

Hey guys, 

As you prepare for fall... the jackets, scarves and pumpkin spice lattes are sure to keep you comfortable as Los Angeles attempts to drop in temperature.  As the new season welcomes leaves to your lawn, it's also a great opportunity to turn over a new leaf yourself, and end the year in tip-top shape.

Did you know?  Colon Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in America, responsible for 58,000 deaths per year.  Did you know that a colonoscopy screening can prevent over 90% of these?

Everybody age 50 to 75 should be screened for colorectal cancer.  Patients at high risk—notably those with a family history, a known genetic risk, inflammatory bowel disease or certain other disorders—should start earlier.  

What are you afraid of?  A lot of people are unaware of their need to be screened with a colonoscopy. And even worse, many know they need it, though they are afraid of the procedure.  

Please, don’t be scared.  And please don't be stubborn. Do yourself and your family a favor and strongly consider giving me a call so we can take care of you.  And if you're under the recommended age of 50, please share this and encourage a loved one.  

Let's check-off the "I'm healthy!" box as you close 2014 safe and sound.  

It's a proven lifesaver.  And I'll be by your side the entire time.

Live well, 

-- Dr. Dale

 

Study Ties Poor Oral Health to Cancer-Causing Virus

A couple weeks ago I blogged about Oral Health and its link to HPV.  Here it is again in the New York Times.  Such a great read.  -- Dr. Dale ----------

http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/08/21/study-ties-poor-oral-hygiene-to-cancer-causing-virus/?ref=health&_r=0

AUGUST 21, 2013, 1:09 PM

Study Ties Poor Oral Health to Cancer-Causing Virus

By CATHERINE SAINT LOUIS

People with swollen gums, missing teeth and other signs of poor dental health are more likely to be infected orally with the human papillomavirus, researchers reported on Wednesday.

HPV, a sexually transmitted virus, causes cancers of the cervix, mouth and throat. The new study, published in Cancer Prevention Research, is the first to document a link between the infection and poor oral health, but other experts noted that the research found only an association and relied mostly on self-reported data about oral health. It is too early to say with confidence that brushing and flossing regularly can prevent oral HPV infection, they said.

The finding is a “modest association,” said Aimée R. Kreimer, an epidemiologist at the National Cancer Institute who was not involved in the study. “We don’t know if poor oral health causes HPV infection and would go on to cancer,” she said.

This finding suggests another potential downside to deficient hygiene “because of a possible association between poor to fair oral health and the presence of the human papillomavirus, which in itself is identified with several diseases,” said Dr. Sol Silverman, a professor of oral medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, and a spokesman for the American Dental Association.

Researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston reviewed data on both high-risk and low-risk oral HPV infection and oral health in 3,439 adults, ages 30 to 69, participating in the nationally representative 2009-10 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, known as NHANES. The study found that being male, smoking cigarettes, and having multiple oral sex partners increased the likelihood of oral HPV infection, findings similar to those in an earlier analysis of NHANES data.

But after controlling for smoking and the number of oral sex partners, the new study found that self-rated poor oral health was an independent risk for oral HPV infection. The odds of having an oral HPV infection were 55 percent higher among those reporting poor to fair oral health.

Throat cancer caused by HPV is increasing, particularly along middle-aged white men. About 25,000 cases a year are diagnosed in the United States. Many experts believe oral infection with the virus has increased along with the frequency of oral sex.

“What we think might be happening is if you have poor oral health — ulcers, gum inflammation, sores or lesions, any openings in the mouth — that might provide entry for HPV,” said Christine Markham, the second author on the paper and an associate professor of health promotion and behavioral sciences at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. “We don’t have sufficiently strong evidence to demonstrate that conclusively in the study, but that’s our thinking.”

Yet the increase in risk is modest, said Dr. Kreimer, “less than the two- to threefold elevations in risk that cause concern.” And three of the four measures used to assess the participants’ oral health, including the presence of gum disease, were self-reported, a limitation of the study. One measure — number of teeth lost — was reported by dental hygienists.

“It’s the first paper linking self-reported measures of poor oral hygiene and an oral HPV infection,” Dr. Maura L. Gillison, a professor of medicine at Ohio State University, who was not involved in the study. “It’s a strong paper because it’s a first, but does it have public health significance? Should people change their behavior? I would say no.”

Oral cancers caused by HPV are typically found near the tonsils or at the base of the tongue, she added, and it’s hard to see how those regions could be directly affected by periodontal inflammation.

Experts including Dr. Gillison nonetheless called the study an important first step. “Further study — even though it would be expensive and time-consuming — should be considered,” said Dr. Silverman.